(Utkast) Kommisjonens gjennomføringsforordning om fastsettelse av enhetlig anvendelse av hyppighet av identities- og fysiske kontroller av visse forsendelser av dyr og varer som innføres til Unionen
(Draft) Commission Implementing Regulation establishing rules for the uniform application of frequency rates for identity checks and physical checks on certain consignments of animals and goods entering the Union
Utkast til kommisjonsforordning godkjent av komite (representanter for medlemslandene) og publisert i EUs komitologiregister 1.11.2019
BAKGRUNN (fra kommisjonsforordningen, engelsk utgave)
(1) Regulation (EU) 2017/625 establishes rules on the performance of official controls by the competent authorities of the Member States on animals and goods entering the Union in order to verify compliance with Union agri-food chain legislation.
(2) Article 54(3) of Regulation (EU) 2017/625 empowers the Commission to establish rules for the uniform application of the appropriate frequency rate for identity checks and physical checks on consignments of the categories of animals and goods referred to in Article 47(1)(a) and (b) of that Regulation. Therefore the frequency rates on identity checks and physical checks should be established depending on the risk posed by each animal, good or category of animals or goods to human, animal or plant health, animal welfare or, as regards genetically modified organisms and also to the environment.
(3) To ensure that the frequency rates of physical checks required pursuant to this Regulation are complied with in a uniform manner, provision should be made in this Regulation to make use of the information management system for official controls (IMSOC) referred to in Article 131 of Regulation (EU) 2017/625 for the selection of consignments for physical checks.
(4) The frequency rates established in accordance with this Regulation should be applicable for the animals and goods referred to in Article 47(1)(a) and (b) of Regulation (EU) 2017/625 intended to be placed on the market. However, the frequency of physical checks carried out at border control posts to ascertain compliance with Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council should be determined in accordance with Article 45(5) of that Regulation.
(5) Council Directive 91/496/EEC lays down rules governing the organisation of veterinary checks on animals entering the Union from third countries. Article 4 of that Directive provides that each consignment of animals should be subject to identity checks and physical checks.
(6) Directive 91/496/EEC is repealed by Regulation (EU) 2017/625 with effect from 14 December 2019. Taking into account the risk posed by certain categories of animals to human or animal health and animal welfare, the same frequency rates of identity checks and physical checks should continue to apply to animals entering the Union from third countries as those laid down in or in accordance with Directive 91/496/EEC.
(7) To ensure the effectiveness of the official controls, identity checks and physical checks should be carried out in such a way that it is not possible for the operator responsible for the consignment to predict whether any particular consignment will be subject to physical checks.
(8) Article 3 of Commission Implementing Regulation[C(2019)7002] establishes detailed rules on identity checks for goods referred to in point (b) of Article 47(1) of Regulation (EU) 2017/625, according to whether the consignment is subject to physical checks or not.
(9) The baseline criteria for determining the baseline frequency rates for the identity checks and physical checks performed on products of animal origin, germinal products, animal by-products, derived products, hay and straw and composite products should be established taking into account information regarding the risks associated with the categories of animals or goods and available scientific assessments.
(10) Based on information collected by the Commission in accordance with Article 125(1) of Regulation (EU) 2017/625, on the outcome of controls performed by Commission experts in third countries in accordance with Article 120(1) of that Regulation and on information collected through the IMSOC, it should be possible to modify the frequency rates for physical checks resulting from the baseline criteria.
(11) To ensure the efficiency of official controls, the frequency rates determined in accordance with this Regulation should be made available through the IMSOC.
(12) For certain third countries with which the Union has concluded veterinary agreements on equivalency, it is appropriate to reduce the frequency of physical checks on certain products, taking into account, inter alia, the application of the regionalization principle in the case of animal disease, and of other veterinary principles. Therefore, the frequency rates for physical checks specified in these veterinary agreements should apply for the purpose of this Regulation.
(13) Commission Decision 94/360/EC establishes reduced frequency rates of physical checks for certain categories of goods subject to veterinary checks. Since this Regulation lays down provisions in the areas covered by Decision 94/360/EC, that Decision should be repealed with effect from the date specified in this Regulation.
(14) Regulation (EU) 2017/625 applies from 14 December 2019. Accordingly, the rules laid down in this Regulation should also apply from that date.
(15) The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee on Plants, Animals, Food and Feed
Helse- og omsorgsdepartementet
Landbruks- og matdepartementet
Nærings- og fiskeridepartementet