Forslag til europaparlaments- og rådsforordning om endring av forordning (EF) nr. 561/2006 hva gjelder minstekrav til maksimal daglig of ukentlig kjøretid, minsetid for pauser og daglig og ukentlig hvileperioder, og forordning (EU) 165/2014 hva gjelder lokalisering ved hjelp av fartsskrivere
Proposal for Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EC) No 561/2006 as regards on minimum requirements on maximum daily and weekly driving times, minimum breaks and daily and weekly rest periods and Regulation (EU) 165/2014 as regards positioning by means of tachographs
BAKGRUNN (fra kommisjonsforslaget, engelsk utgave)
[Red. anm.: Klikk på lenken til "Del av: Veipakken" over for tilknyttede saker]
Reasons for and objectives of the proposal
The driving and resting times of drivers have been regulated under EU law since 1969. Today, Regulation (EC) No 561/2006 (the 'Driving Time Regulation') establishes minimum requirements on maximum daily and weekly driving times, minimum breaks and daily and weekly rest periods. It also requires use of a tachograph as the main tool for checking compliance with those requirements. Successive regulations have been adopted to adapt tachographs to technological developments, the latest being Regulation (EU) 165/2014 on tachographs in road transport (the 'Tachograph Regulation'). This introduced the 'smart tachograph' connected to a positioning service based on a satellite navigation system.
Both the Driving Time and the Tachograph Regulations are part of a wider effort to improve the working conditions of drivers, ensure fair competition between operators and improve the road safety of European roads. Tighter requirements for tachograph use have gradually contributed to more efficient and consistent enforcement throughout the EU.
An ex-post evaluation of the social legislation in road transport and its enforcement, which was carried out in 2015-2017 as part of the Regulatory Fitness Programme (REFIT), concluded that the Driving Time Regulation has been only partly effective in improving drivers' working conditions and ensuring fair competition between operators. Road safety had improved over that period, but of course these improvements cannot be assigned solely to that Regulation.
The main difficulties encountered are linked to the shortcomings of the rules themselves, but also insufficient enforcement and their inability to address the emerging social and market challenges faced by the sector. The objective of this proposal, which is a REFIT initiative, is to rectify the identified shortcomings and to help improve the working and business conditions in the sector. This will be achieved by clarifying and updating certain provisions and by further upgrading the use of current and future tachographs to ensure more cost-effective enforcement.