Forslag til europaparlaments- og rådsforordning om krav til typegodkjenning av og deres tilhengere, og av systemer, deler og tekniske enheter til slike motorvogner med hensyn til generell sikkerhet og beskyttelse av personer i kjøretøyet og sårbare trafikanter, og om endring av forordning (EU) 2018/858 og oppheving av forordning (EF) nr. 78/2009, (EF) nr. 79/2009 og (EF) nr. 661/2009
Proposal for Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on type-approval requirements for motor vehicles and their trailers, and systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles, as regards their general safety and the protection of vehicle occupants and vulnerable road users, amending Regulation (EU) 2018/858 and repealing Regulations (EC) No 78/2009, (EC) No 79/2009 and (EC) No 661/2009
Europaparlamentets plenumsbehandling 16.4.2019 (enighet med Rådet)
Nye EU-typegodkjenningsregler vil introdusere nesten 30 nye sikkerhetselementer for biler, busser og lastebiler. Blant disse er såkalt intelligent fartstilpasning, automatisk nødbremsing, blindsonevarsling og atferdsregistrator. Det siste er en ”sort boks” som registrerer en rekke data rett før, under og etter en ulykke. De nye bestemmelsene skal innføres gradvis fra 2022 til 2024.
BAKGRUNN (fra kommisjonsfororslaget, engelsk utgave)
Reasons for and objectives of the proposal
Technological change is touching all parts of society and the economy and transforming the lives of EU citizens. Transport is no exception to this trend. New technologies are radically changing the mobility landscape. Against this background, the EU and its industries must meet the challenge to become a world leader in innovation, digitisation, and decarbonisation. The Commission has therefore adopted a comprehensive approach to ensure that the EU's mobility policies reflect these political priorities in the form of three "Europe on the Move" mobility packages.
Following the Low-Emission Mobility Strategy, the Commission adopted two mobility packages in May and November 2017. These packages set out a positive agenda delivering on the low-emission mobility strategy and ensuring a smooth transition towards clean, competitive and connected mobility for all. The European Commission calls on the European Parliament and the Council to ensure the rapid adoption of these proposals.
This initiative is part of the Third "Europe on the Move" mobility package, which delivers on the new industrial policy strategy of September 2017, and is designed to complete the process of enabling Europe to reap the full benefits of the modernisation of mobility. It is essential that tomorrow's mobility system is safe, clean and efficient for all EU citizens. The aim is to make European mobility safer and more accessible, European industry more competitive, European jobs more secure, and to be cleaner and better adapted to the imperative of tackling climate change. This will require the full commitment of the EU, Member States and stakeholders, including in strengthening the requirements for safety features in road vehicles.
Road safety is a pan-European issue that is addressed through an integrated approach. Policies are traditionally structured around three pillars: road users (drivers, pedestrians and cyclists), vehicles and infrastructure.
Over the past decades, road safety significantly improved. However, progress in the reduction of road fatalities rates has stalled in recent years. According to EU statistics, since 2013, there have been no significant decreases in the number of road fatality in the Union. Whereas some Member States are still making considerable progress every year, some others are even recording increases in fatalities leading to stagnation in EU-wide road fatality rates.
A revised framework better adapted to the changes in mobility resulting from societal trends (e.g. more cyclists and pedestrians, an aging society) and technological developments is necessary. It is expected that without new initiatives on road safety in general, the safety-effects of the current approach can no longer off-set the increasing traffic volumes. The complex situation calls for a dynamic policy adjustment that addresses the major challenges in a consistent and effective way across the entire spectrum of road safety policies. In terms of vehicle safety, this implies mandating a broad range of advanced safety measures as standard equipment for the relevant vehicle categories and improved protection of vulnerable road users, such as pedestrians, cyclists and those of small stature and the elderly.
The current proposal addresses the main problem of persistent high number of road accidents that in turn leads to a high number of fatalities and severe injuries and provides measures to increase safety at vehicle level so as to either avoid and lower the number of accidents or lower the severity of un-avoided accidents to limit the number of fatalities and severe injuries. This proposal has to be viewed in close relation with other initiatives, part of the Third Mobility Package such as, for example, the proposed amendments to the directive on road infrastructure safety management. They also aim at contributing to the reduction of the number of fatalities and injuries on EU roads and, thus, share a common horizon and interlink with each other. Moreover, certain in-vehicle systems, such as the lane-keeping system and the intelligent speed assistance, rely on a well-maintained road infrastructure (road marking, signs and cameras). Therefore, the road infrastructure and vehicle safety proposals complement each other in certain areas and enable in-vehicle systems to realise their full safety potential.
On the other hand, the overall vehicle and infrastructure safety framework needs to take into account developments in connected and automated driving, which are advancing at high speed. Therefore, there is also close link with the Commission's Strategy on Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) and the proposal for an EU strategy for mobility of the future. In order to become future-proof, vehicles not only have to be ready for the new technological developments in the infrastructure, but they will also have to take the lead and pave the way towards allowing fully automated driving. For this reason, mandating advanced safety features for vehicles still today will help the drivers to gradually get accustomed to the new features and will enhance public trust and acceptance in the transition toward autonomous driving.
The proposal is also fully in line with the Council conclusions based on the Valletta Declaration, in which transport ministers reconfirmed their commitment to improving road safety and notably called upon the Commission to enhance the protection of road users, and in particular vulnerable road users, by ensuring the deployment of new safety features for vehicles.
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