Europaparlaments- og rådsbeslutning om etablering av en forenklet ordning for kontroll av person ved yttergrensene baser på ensidige godkjenning av Bulgaria, Kroatia, Kypros og Romania av visse dokumenter som ekvivalente til deres nasjonale visum for transitt gjennom eller planlagt opphold på deres territorier som ikke overstiger 90 dager i enhver 180-dagers periode og om oppheving av vedtak nr. 895/2006/EF og europaparlaments- og rådsvedtak nr. 582/2008/EF
Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council introducing a simplified regime for the control of persons at the external borders based on the unilateral recognition by Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus and Romania of certain documents as equivalent to their national visas for transit through or intended stays on their territories not exceeding 90 days in any 180-day period and repealing Decision No 895/2006/EC and Decision No 582/2008/EC of the European Parliament and the Council
Rådets 1. gangsbehandling 06.05.2014 (endelig vedtak)
BAKGRUNN (fra kommisjonsforslaget, engelsk utgave)
Context of the proposal
On 1 July 2013 Croatia will accede to the European Union. For Croatia, as for the previous 2004 and 2007 enlargements, the so-called "Schengen two-phase implementation process" has been followed in matters related to the Schengen acquis (Article 4 of the Act concerning the conditions of accession of the Republic of Croatia and the adjustments to the Treaties on which the European Union is founded (hereinafter: the 2012 Act of Accession)). This implies that Croatia, as previous accession countries, has to apply, from the date of accession the provisions of Regulation (EC) 539/2001 and thus, to subject third-country nationals listed in its Annex I to a visa requirement.
Croatia, as the countries who acceded to the European Union in 2004 and 2007, has this obligation even if the persons concerned hold a uniform visa, a long-stay visa or a residence permit issued by a Schengen Member State, as indeed, other Schengen provisions will not apply to Croatia from the date of its accession, such as:
-the Schengen mutual recognition rules laid down in Articles 18 and 21 of the Schengen Implementing Convention and in Article 5(4)(a) of Regulation (EC) No 562/2006 (Schengen Borders Code), according to which aliens who hold valid residence permits or valid long-stay visas issued by one of the Schengen Member States may move freely for short stays within the territories of the other Member States,
- the provisions on uniform visas issued laid down in Article 2(3) of Regulation (EC) No 810/2009 (Visa Code), according to which uniform visas are valid for the entire territory of the Schengen Member States.
In addition, the national visas issued by other EU Member States, who are not Schengen Member States yet (Cyprus), are also not valid for the territory of Croatia. To avoid imposing unnecessary administrative burdens on the countries who acceded to the European Union in 2004 and 2007, by way of derogation from Regulation 539/2001,
Decisions No 895/2006/EC and No 582/2008/EC authorised the optional unilateral recognition by the new Member States not yet fully implementing the Schengen acquis of uniform visas, long-stay visas and residence permits issued by Schengen Member States as well as of national short-stay visas, long-stay visas and residence permits issued by other Member States not yet fully implementing the Schengen acquis for the purpose of transit not exceeding five days. In addition, Decision No 896/2006/EC authorised new Member States to recognise residence permits issued by Switzerland and Liechtenstein who were not yet part of the Schengen area without internal borders for the purpose of transit not exceeding five days.
Persons holding such documents have already passed a strict screening process by the issuing Schengen State and are not considered a threat to public policy or a risk in terms of illegal immigration by that State. Such a regime of unilateral recognition does not affect the acceding countries’ obligation to refuse entry of a person for whom an alert has been issued in its national data base for the purposes of refusing entry in accordance with Article 5(1) of the Schengen Borders Code.
Similarly, by way of derogation from Regulation 539/2001, this proposal aims at introducing an optional regime based on common rules authorising Croatia on a transitional basis until its full application of the Schengen acquis to unilaterally recognise as equivalent to their national visas, uniform visas, long-stay visas and residence permits issued by Schengen Member States, as well as similar documents issued by Member States not yet fully implementing the Schengen acquis (Cyprus). However this authorisation is not limited to the purpose of transit not exceeding five days as in Decisions 895/2006 and 582/2008, but is valid for both transit through or intended stays on its territory not exceeding 90 days in any 180-day period. In fact, at the time of the adoption of the aforementioned Decisions the then applicable Common consular instructions on visas for the diplomatic missions and consular posts still foresaw the distinction between "transit visas" and "short-stay" visas. This distinction was abolished by Regulation (EC) No 810/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 establishing a Community Code on Visas (Visa Code), so that the aforementioned limitation is not appropriate anymore.
The above-mentioned previous transit decisions adopted at the occasion of the last two EU enlargements dealt only with uniform Schengen visas, i.e. visa allowing to circulate within the Schengen area. The visas with limited territorial validity (LTVs) were excluded from the scope of these previous decisions. However, currently the issue of Kosovo* (as defined by the UN Security Council Resolution 1244 of 10.06.1999.) not recognised by all the Schengen States must be addressed.
There is an essential difference between visas with limited territorial validity which in principle are only valid for the territory of the issuing Member State, and such visas issued for the citizens of Kosovo (in accordance with Article 25 (3) first sentence of the Visa Code) which allow to circulate in all Schengen Member States except those few Member States that do not recognise Kosovo. This specific characteristic justifies bringing these LTVs within the application of the regime of unilateral recognition, also because in this case there is no real threat of irregular migration or security risks for the Schengen area.
The extension of the unilateral recognition regime by a Union instrument would not impose any new obligations on Croatia in addition to those listed in the 2012 Act of Accession. It would thus not constitute a derogation from this Accession Treaty. The proposed regime would be implemented on an optional basis: Croatia would have the possibility either to implement the proposed regime or to continue issuing national visas as required by the Accession Treaty. Should Croatia opt for the implementation of the common regime, Croatia would have to accept the documents issued by any Schengen Member State, thus avoiding any distinction as regards the issuing Member State.
In this context, it should be recalled that until the date of accession, on the basis of its national legislation, Croatia accepts valid Schengen visas, long stay visas and residence permits issued by Schengen States for entry and stay or transit through its territory.
The current proposal repeals No 895/2006/EC and No 582/2008/EC. With regard to those Member States to whom these decisions were addressed who have meanwhile become Schengen Member States these Decisions have become obsolete (all but Cyprus). With regard to Cyprus, which fully implements the common regime established by Decision No
895/2006/EC since 10 July 2006 and that established by Decision No 582/2008/EC since 18 July 2008, the current proposal foresees that this regime shall be replaced by a regime that authorises Cyprus, like Croatia, to unilaterally recognise the short-stay visas, long-stay visas and residence permits issued by Schengen Member States as well as of national short-term visas, long-term visas and resident permits issued by Member States not yet fully implementing the Schengen acquis (Croatia) for transit through or intended stays on their territories not exceeding 90 days in any 180-day period. The current proposal foresees that Cyprus, like Croatia, is authorised to recognise visas and residence permits by the countries associated with the implementation, application and development of the Schengen acquis.
This regime will be applicable until the end of the transitional period and the full participation of the Member States concerned in the area without internal borders, date from which the mutual recognition of such documents becomes compulsory under Articles 18 and 21 of the Schengen Implementing Convention, Article 5(2) of the Schengen Borders Code and the Visa Code.
Justis- og beredskapsdepartementet