(Under vurdering) Kommisjonsforordning om endring av vedlegg XV til europaparlaments- og rådsforordning (EF) nr. 1907/2006 om registrering, vurdering og godkjenning av samt begrensninger for kjemikalier (REACH)
(Under consideration) Commission Regulation amending Annex XV to Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (‘REACH’)
Utkast til høringsnotat lagt fram av Det europeiske kjemikaliebyrået 14.6.2019
På initiativ av Nederland har Det europeiske kjemikaliebyrået i Helsingfors utarbeidet et bakgrunnsnotat om mulige fremtidige restriksjoner ved bruk av kunstgress til fotballbaner basert på gummigranulater. En første høring er planlagt igangsatt sommeren 2019.
BAKGRUNN (fra Det europeiske kjemikaliebyråets utkast til høringsnotat av 14.6.2019 )
The basis for this restriction proposal by the Netherlands is a concern for human health resulting from current concentration limits for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in End-of-Life Tyre(further referred to as ELT) derived rubber infill granules used in synthetic turf pitches. The legal interpretation by the European Commission and supported by a majority of EU Member Sates (European Commission, 2016) is that these rubber granules and ELT mulches (also referred to as ‘rubber crumbs’ and flakes respectively) are mixtures in the scope of REACH. Concentration limits for mixtures supplied to the general public are currently set at either 100 or 1000 mg/kg for each of the eight individual PAHs of concern (REACH Annex XVII, entry 28).
In recent evaluations, RIVM (2017) and ECHA (2017) concluded that the mixture concentration limits are too high to guarantee safe supply and use of these granules on synthetic turf pitches even though PAH levels found in granules on synthetic turf pitches currently in use are assessed to result in a relatively low excess cancer risk in highly exposed individuals (professional football players). ECHA(2017) recommended lowering the limit value for granules through a restriction under REACH as this would address the concern identified above and would impose concentration limits that are closer to the much lower limit values for individual PAHs in articles supplied to the general public (1 mg/kg) and in toys(0.5 mg/kg) laid down in REACH Annex XVII, entry 50.5 and 50.6.
To address these concerns and ensure acceptable risk levels for use of infill granules and mulches, the Netherlands in cooperation with ECHA, has drafted this Annex XV dossier and restriction proposal in the framework of REACH Regulation article 69, paragraph 4. The Dossier Submitter took into consideration various exposure scenarios related to the use of granules on synthetic turf pitches, such as for installation and maintenance workers and individuals playing sports. Furthermore, the Dossier also accounts for the use of rubber granules or mulches in loose applications on playgrounds and in sport applications where especially children may be exposed. During the Annex XV Dossier development the possibility of other chemical risks (both to human health and the environment) related to the use of rubber infill granules was acknowledged but not further considered in this Dossier. On request of the European Commission, ECHA is currently gathering information on the possible risks associated with other chemicals in ELT granules with the aim to evaluate the need for additional risk management measures.
The restriction proposal consists of a summary of the proposal (5 pages), a report setting out the main evidence justifying the proposed restriction (65 pages) and a number of Annexes containing detailed information, analysis and references underpinning the report (341pages).
The Dossier Submitter would like to thank the many stakeholders that contributed to the call for evidence and in subsequent discussions during the development of this report.
This report is non confidential. Some confidential information is included in a confidential Annex available to the Scientific Committees.
Klima- og miljødepartementet