Meddelelse fra Kommisjonen. Om innhold i det digitale indre marked
Communication from the Commission. On content in the Digital Single Market
Meddelelse lagt fram av Kommisjonen 18.12.2012
BAKGRUNN (fra Kommisjonens pressemelding, engelsk utgave)
Copyright: Commission urges industry to deliver innovative solutions for greater access to online content
The European Commission has today adopted a Communication which sets out parallel tracks of action to be undertaken during this Commission's term of office to ensure that the EU's copyright framework stays fit for purpose in the digital environment. It follows the Commission's orientation debate on content in the digital economy held on 5 December 2012 on the initiative of Commission President José Manuel Barroso (see MEMO/12/950).
President Barroso said: "Exploiting the full potential of the digital economy is vital to delivering growth in Europe. It is extremely important for us to work with industry in order to accelerate solutions which tap the potential of digital markets to develop new business models. A modern copyright framework can be win-win for all stakeholders, providing sustainable incentives for creativity, cultural diversity and innovation, and improving choice and access to legal offers for consumers."
A structured stakeholder dialogue, jointly led by Commissioners Michel Barnier (Internal Market and Services), Neelie Kroes (Digital Agenda) and Androulla Vassiliou (Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth), will be launched in 2013 to seek to deliver rapid progress in four areas through practical industry-led solutions.
These areas are cross-border access and the portability of services; user-generated content and licensing for small-scale users of protected material; facilitating the deposit and online accessibility of films in the EU; and promoting efficient text and data mining for scientific research purposes.
In parallel, the on-going review of the EU framework for copyright legal will be completed, based on market studies, impact assessment and legal drafting work, with a view to a decision in 2014 on whether to table legislative reform proposals.
Issues to be addressed by the stakeholder dialogue:
• Cross-border access and the portability of services
Distribution of content is often limited to one or just a few Member States, with rights holders or online platforms electing to impose cross-border sales restrictions. The Commission's objective is to foster cross-border on-line access and "portability" of content across borders. This work should take stock of current industry initiatives and deliver practical solutions to promote multi-territory access.
• User-generated content and licensing for small-scale users of protected material
On average, every minute, people upload 72 hours of video to YouTube, and over 150,000 photos to Facebook. Sometimes this user-generated content "re-uses" existing material (such as re-mixes, mashups and home-made videos with a soundtrack added) and so is often covered by some form of licensing by rights holders, in partnership with certain platforms, but this is not transparent to the end user. In parallel, small-scale users of content struggle to identify how to acquire licences. The Commission's objective is to foster transparency and ensure that end-users have greater clarity on uses of protected material. This work should identify relevant forms of licensing and how to improve information for end-users'.
• Audiovisual sector and cultural heritage institutions
It is difficult for online service providers to develop catalogues of European films for online availability, particularly those which are "out-of-distribution" (works whose rights holders are unwilling or unable to exploit them). The Commission's objective is to facilitate the deposit and online accessibility of films in the EU. This work should deliver concrete solutions for both commercial and non-commercial uses.
• Text and data mining
Text and data mining (TDM), an automated research technique for the purpose of scientific research, requires contractual agreements between users and rights holders to establish technical access to the relevant material. The Commission's objective is to promote efficient TDM for scientific research purposes. This work should explore solutions such as standard licensing models as well as technology platforms to facilitate TDM access.
The stakeholder dialogue will be invited to present its results before the end of 2013.
The digital economy has been a major driver of growth in the past two decades, and is expected to grow seven times faster than overall EU GDP in coming years. Online there are new ways of providing, creating and distributing content, and new ways to generate value. The emergence of new business models that use the internet to deliver content represents both a challenge and an opportunity for the creative industries, authors and artists. This is why the European Commission is acting today to ensure that copyright and licensing stay fit for purpose in this new digital context.
In 2010, the Commission adopted the Digital Agenda for Europe which endeavoured to open up access to content as part of its strategy to achieve a vibrant Digital Single Market and identified a number of actions in the field of copyright. The Digital Agenda has just been updated by the Commission (see IP/12/1389).
In 2011, the Commission adopted a strategy entitled "A Single Market for Intellectual Property Rights" (see IP/11/630), which proposed a further series of measures to promote an efficient copyright framework for the Digital Single Market. Against this background, the Commission has taken a number of actions, including:
• new legislation on orphan works (see MEMO/12/744);
• a legislative proposal on collective rights management (see IP/12/772) currently being negotiated by the European Parliament and the Council; and
• Memoranda of Understanding on out of print books, and access to works by the Visually Impaired (see IP/11/1055).
The Commission has also published a call under the CIP-ICT Policy Support Programme 2012, on 'European Rights Information Management'.