Europaparlaments- og rådsforordning (EU) 2016/1625 av 14. september 2016 om endring av forordning (EF) nr. 1406/2002 om opprettelse av et europeisk sjøsikkerhetsbyrå (EMSA)
Europaparlaments- og rådsforordning publisert i EU-tidende 16.9.2016
BAKGRUNN (fra kommisjonsforslaget, engelsk utgave)
Reasons for and objectives of the proposal
There are currently more than 300 civilian and military authorities in the Member States responsible for carrying out coastguard functions in a wide range of areas such as maritime safety, security, search and rescue, border control, fisheries control, customs control, general law enforcement and environmental protection. A number of EU agencies, in particular Frontex, the European Maritime Safety Agency and the European Fisheries Control Agency, support the national authorities in the exercise of these functions.
In 2014, the Commission finalised a feasibility study to examine the need for improved co-operation and co-ordination between national bodies and agencies carrying out coastguard functions. This study identifies a range of issues for closer collaboration, in particular in the areas of operational surveillance and data sharing which underpins all these functions.
The need to enhance collaboration and coordination between authorities carrying out coastguard functions has subsequently been acknowledged in the Union maritime transport legislation, the European Union Maritime Security Strategy with an Action Plan adopted by the Council in 2014 and in the European Agenda on Migration adopted by the Commission in 2015.
The purpose of this legislative proposal reinforcing European co-operation on coastguard functions is to improve cooperation and coordination between the relevant EU agencies in order to enhance synergies between their respective services, thus allowing them to provide more efficient and cost effective multipurpose services to national authorities carrying out coastguard functions.
This legislative proposal forms part of a set of measures proposed by the Commission to reinforce the protection of Europe's external borders, including European cooperation on coastguard function, which also includes proposals for a Regulation establishing a European Border and Coast Guard Agency and to amend Council Regulation (EC) No 768/2005 establishing a European Fisheries Control Agency. The substantive amendments in this proposal are identical to the proposed provisions on European coastguard cooperation in the proposal for a Regulation establishing a European Border and Coast Guard Agency and to the proposed amendments to Council Regulation (EC) No 768/2005.
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