Rådsdirektiv 89/662/EØF av 11. desember 1989 om veterinærkontroll ved handel innenfor Fellesskapet med sikte på gjennomføring av det indre marked
Council Directive 89/662/EEC of 11 December 1989 concerning veterinary checks in intra-Community trade with a view to the completion of the internal market
Fortolkningsdom avsagt i EFTA-domstolen 1.2.2016
Islands krav til at rått kjøtt bare kan importeres dersom det har vært lagret i fryst tilstand i en måned før tolldeklarering, har fått tommelen ned av EFTA-domstolen. I en rådgivende uttalelse til Reykjaviks tingrett, slår domstolen fast at påbudet strider mot veterinærkontrolldirektivet. Det er nå opp til tingretten å felle endelig dom i saken. Når det gjelder import av levende dyr, fikk Island et unntak (forbud) da EU-regelverket om dette ble innlemmet i EØS-avtalen, men avtalen inneholder ikke et tilsvarende unntak for ferskt kjøtt, ifølge EFTA-domstolen.
BAKGRUNN (fra Kommisjonens faktaark, engelsk utgave)
In order to facilitate trade in animal products while ensuring a high level of food safety, the European Union is abolishing veterinary checks at internal frontiers, reinforcing checks at the point of origin and arranging for checks on arrival at destination.
This Directive applies to the animal products covered by the Directives listed in Annex A to this Directive. With effect from 1 January 2006, this Annex is being amended by Directive 2004/41/EC so as to incorporate the new provisions of the hygiene package. Directive 91/496/EEC applies to checks on animals from third countries.
This Directive lays down detailed rules governing checks at the point of origin, involving the reinforcement of the checks to be performed by the establishments of origin and official veterinarians designated by the competent authorities. These checks cover the obtaining, marking and labelling of products and the provision of all necessary documents or certificates in accordance with Community rules for the destination in question. Procedures for optional imports are also defined. In addition, consigning Member States must take the necessary measures to ensure compliance with veterinary requirements and to impose penalties for infringements.
The Directive also lays down procedures for checks on arrival at destination, which take the form of non-discriminatory spot checks; where there are grounds for suspecting an infringement, checks may be carried out during transportation. The rules to be followed by consignees, the procedures governing checks at points of entry into the Community of products from non-member countries, and the procedures to be applied in cases where a check reveals an irregularity or a serious threat to animal or human health are laid down. As regards animals from third countries, Directive 91/496/EEC also lays down the procedure for veterinary checks and tightens up the checks to be carried out by the competent authorities.
Directives 89/662/EEC and 91/496/EEC set out the measures to be taken if a zoonosis or other disease or phenomenon liable to present a serious threat to animal or human health occurs. As for intra-Community trade, the Member State of origin is initially responsible for these measures, and the rules to be observed by the Member State of destination are laid down. The Commission may also take action. As regards animals from third countries, the Commission may, as a precaution where warranted by a serious animal or public health reason, ban imports or lay down special conditions for them.
Directive 91/496/EEC also lays down the conditions that must be met by border inspection posts. Furthermore, it requires the Commission to introduce a computerised data-processing system linking the border inspection services and its own veterinary authorities.
Directive 92/67/EEC finalises the introduction of the rules laid down in the present Directive.
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