(Utkast) Kommisjonens gjennomføringsforordning (EU) .../... om fastsettelse av en framgangsmåte for godkjenning og sertifisering av innovative teknologier for reduksjon av CO2-utslipp for personbiler og lette varebiler i henhold til europaparlaments- og rådsforordning (EU) 2019/631
CO2-utslipp fra biler: innovative teknologier for reduksjon av utslipp
Utkast til kommisjonsforordning godkjent av komite (representanter for medlemslandene) og publisert i EUs komitologiregister 30.10.2023
- Utkast til forordning lagt fram av Kommisjonen 23.8.2023 med tilbakemeldingsfrist 20.9.2023
BAKGRUNN (fra kommisjonsforordningen)
(1) To promote the development of new and advanced vehicle technologies reducing CO2 emissions, Article 11 of Regulation (EU) 2019/631 provides for the possibility to consider CO2 savings that are achieved through the use of such innovative technologies in passenger cars or light commercial vehicles, but which cannot be fully quantified using the Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP).
(2) Commission Implementing Regulations (EU) 725/2011 and (EU) 427/2014 establish procedures for the approval and certification of innovative technologies for reducing CO2 emissions respectively from passenger cars and light commercial vehicles. While the scope of those Regulations differs, they are almost identical in content.
(3) The scopes of Implementing Regulations (EU) 725/2011 and (EU) 427/2014 provide that efficiency improvements for air conditioning systems are not eligible as ecoinnovations whereas Article 11 of Regulation (EU) 2019/631 provides that such efficiency improvements will become eligible as from 1 January 2025. It is therefore necessary to amend Implementing Regulations (EU) 725/2011 and (EU) 427/2014 to align them with Regulation (EU) 2019/631 and ensure that applications may be submitted ahead of 2025 so that vehicle manufacturers may benefit from CO2 emissions savings from 2025 onwards.
(4) It is appropriate to merge Implementing Regulations (EU) 725/2011 and (EU) 427/2014 into one Regulation, carrying over most of their provisions while introducing new provisions under Article 11 of Regulation (EU) 2019/631 and, where necessary, bringing improvements based on the experience gained in applying Implementing Regulations (EU) 725/2011 and (EU) 427/2014. It is therefore appropriate to repeal those Implementing Regulations and replace them by one Implementing Regulation.
(5) Manufacturers or suppliers may submit applications proposing an innovative technology as an eco-innovation. Such applications should propose a methodology containing all elements necessary to accurately determine the CO2 emission savings achieved, considering notably the identification of an appropriate baseline, the specific testing conditions and the real-world usage of the innovative technology. Such application should also include a verification report drawn up by an independent and certified body proving the eligibility and qualifications of the innovative technology.
(6) In order to simplify the certification of CO2 savings, it should be possible for the applicant to propose, in addition to a detailed testing methodology for determining the savings, a simplified evaluation method or pre-defined CO2 savings in the application for the approval of an innovative technology as an eco-innovation. Where such simplified methods or pre-defined CO2 savings are used, the savings certified by approval authorities should be determined in a conservative way reflecting the lowest level of savings demonstrated.
(7) Following the submission of an application by a manufacturer or supplier, the Commission should assess the completeness and content of the application and decide within 9 months as to whether or not it can approve the eco-innovation.
(8) Vehicle manufacturers wishing to use eco-innovations to benefit from a reduction of the average specific CO2 emissions of their fleet should determine the CO2 savings for the purpose of type-approval on the basis of the approval decisions. To limit the ecoinnovations mechanism to the technologies with a more significant impact on CO2 emissions, a minimum threshold of 0,5 g/km of savings per innovation should be set.
(9) Where a vehicle is equipped with more than one eco-innovation, the interaction between those technologies could cause their combined CO2 savings to be less than the sum of the individual savings. Any form of such interaction should be assessed at both the application and type-approval stages in order to ensure an accurate recording of the CO2 savings.
(10) The Commission should have the possibility to review the eco-innovation CO2 savings attributed to individual vehicles to ensure the proper implementation of the approval decisions issued in accordance with this Regulation.
(11) The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Climate Change Committee