(Utkast) Kommisjonsforordning om endring av forordning (EU) 2017/2400 med hensyn til med hensyn til bestemmelse av CO₂-utslipp og drivstofforbruk for mellomtunge og tunge kjøretøyer og tunge busser og introduksjon av elektriske kjøretøyer og andre nye teknologier
(Draft) Commission Regulation amending Regulation (EU) 2017/2400 as regards the determination of the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of medium and heavy lorries and heavy buses and to introduce electric vehicles and other new technologies
Utkast til kommisjonsforordning godkjent av komite (representanter for medlemslandene) og publisert i EUs komitologiregister 10.3.2022
BAKGRUNN (fra kommisjonsutkastet, engelsk utgave)
(1) Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/2400 introduces a common method to objectively compare the performance of heavy-duty vehicles placed on the Union market as regards their CO2 emissions and fuel consumption. It lays down provisions for the certification of components with an impact on CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles, introduces a simulation tool for the purpose of determining and declaring CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of those vehicles, and lays down, inter alia, requirements for Member States' authorities and manufacturers to verify the conformity of the certification of the components and the conformity of the simulation tool operation.
(2) Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of the European Parliament and of the Council has moved the rules on access to vehicle on-board diagnostic information and vehicle repair and maintenance information from Regulation (EC) No 595/2009. In order to align the wording of Regulation (EU) 2017/2400 to the changed wording of Regulation (EC) No 595/2009, the references to on-board diagnostic information and vehicle repair and maintenance information need to be removed from Regulation (EU) 2017/2400.
(3) Regulation (EU) 2017/2400 determines CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of heavy lorries. However, in order to provide a better view on CO2 emissions, CO2 emissions of more vehicles need to be calculated. It is therefore necessary to determine CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of other heavy duty vehicles, namely medium lorries and heavy buses.
(4) To appropriately cover future technologies, it is necessary to specify additional requirements for new technologies such as hybrid and pure electric vehicles, dual-fuel vehicles, waste heat recovery and advanced driver assistance systems.
(5) As the on-road verification testing procedure has proved to be an important tool for the verification of calculations of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption, it is appropriate for it to apply for medium lorries and new technologies. However, due to the complexities of the multi-stage production and approval system that applies for heavy buses, it is not possible at this moment to have the on-road verification testing procedure extended to them.
(6) Some definitions and requirements in Regulation (EU) 2017/2400 need further clarification and corrections, including further alignment to the CO2 emission performance standards for new heavy-duty vehicles laid down in Regulation (EU) 2019/1242 of the European Parliament and of the Council .
(7) In order to provide Member States, national authorities and economic operators with sufficient time to prepare for the application of the rules introduced by this Regulation, the date of application of this Regulation should be deferred.
(8) As certain manufacturers may prefer to meet the requirements set out in this Regulation before its date of application, they should have the possibility to obtain a licence to operate the simulation tool and receive a certification for components in accordance with the rules introduced by this Regulation before its date of application.
(9) For certain groups of vehicles and certain technologies the simulation tool required for the obligation to determine and declare CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of new vehicles, will only be available after the general application date of this Regulation. In these cases the requirements can only be required from the moment of availability of the simulation tool. This is why some provisions of this Regulation shall only apply from a later date.
(10) The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Technical Committee – Motor Vehicles