Rapportering av miljødata fra industrianlegg og opprettelse av industriutslippsportalen

Tittel

Forslag til europaparlaments- og rådsforordning om rapportering av miljødata fra industrianlegg og opprettelse av en industriutslippsportal

Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on reporting of environmental data from industrial installations and establishing an Industrial Emissions Portal

Siste nytt

Statusnotatt publisert av Europaparlamentets utredningsavdeling 29.6.2022

Nærmere omtale

BAKGRUNN (fra kommisjonsforslaget, engelsk utgave)

• Reasons for and objectives of the proposal

Regulation (EC) No 166/2006 1 (the Regulation) established the European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR), as the Europe-wide register providing public access to key environmental data from industrial facilities located in the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. The E‑PRTR contains data reported annually by some 30,000 industrial facilities which cover 65 economic activities across the EU. The Regulation implements the 2006 Kyiv Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (Protocol) 2 , which entered into force in 2009. It is the only legally binding international instrument on pollutant release and transfer registers.

Every year, Member States send the Commission a report containing data submitted by the operators of industrial facilities on the releases and transfers of each facility. The data are then published by the Commission on a public website, with the support of the European Environment Agency.

The Regulation’s effectiveness, efficiency, relevance, coherence and EU added value were assessed as part of the Commission’s Regulatory Fitness and Performance (REFIT) programme 3 . The assessment looked at the benefits of the E-PRTR as well as the potential for simplifying it and reducing regulatory costs and burdens. On the basis of this assessment, the Commission’s second report on the Regulation’s implementation 4 concluded the following.

·The E-PRTR has proven to be a pivotal knowledge base on releases from EU industrial activities. It provides easily accessible and high-quality data. It gives the public access to this valuable information, thereby supporting environmental decision-making.

·However, the E-PRTR can be further improved and made more effective by being aligned with reporting obligations set out in other environmental legislation, as well as by having it report additional contextual information.

As a follow-up to this implementation report, several initiatives were carried out.

·The Industrial Emissions Portal (the Portal) 5 was created. It contains the data reported annually under the E-PRTR Regulation, together with the data reported in line with Directive 2010/75/EU on industrial emissions (the Industrial Emissions Directive – IED) 6 . This Portal, having replaced the E-PRTR website, brings together data on industrial activities reported under these two EU environmental laws.

·For additional contextual information, Commission Implementing Decision 2022/142 7 has established units and metrics that enable operators to report each year on the production volume of each E-PRTR facility. Production volume reporting becomes mandatory for the first time for the 2023 reporting year.

The European Green Deal 8 is Europe’s growth strategy aiming for a climate-neutral, clean and circular economy by 2050. It recognises the need for deeply transformative policies, to optimise resource management and minimise pollution. The Commission has committed itself to revising EU rules in order to reduce pollution from large industrial installations. It will revise legislation and see how to make it fully consistent with the Green Deal’s zero pollution ambitions and its climate, energy and circular economy policies, bearing in mind the benefits of doing so for both public health and biodiversity.

The IED and the Regulation are complementary laws aimed at monitoring the environmental impact of industry:

·the IED lays down command and control rules to gradually reduce pollution from the EU’s largest industrial and livestock rearing installations, while maintaining a competitive level playing field;

·the Regulation helps monitor efforts to reduce pollution by improving public information on how installations are performing.

Further analysis was carried out to identify potential improvements to the Regulation, including an impact assessment. What follows is the impact assessment’s main conclusions.

·The Regulation’s sectoral scope should be revised to be more consistent with activities covered by related environmental laws. This concerns the IED in particular, but also Directive (EU) 2015/2193 on medium combustion plants (MCPD) 9 and Council Directive 91/271/EEC on urban waste water treatment (UWWT Directive) 10 . To be further aligned, activities should be reported at installation level – as in the case of these other laws – rather than at facility level.

·The E-PRTR Regulation should cover all relevant pollutants. This means certain pollutants should be added to Annex II of the Regulation, including:

·priority substances under the 2000/60/EC Water Framework Directive 11 and the 2008/105/EU Surface Water Directive 12 ;

·substances identified as of very high concern in Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH) 13 ;

·substances covered by EU laws on groundwater and air quality, including the Groundwater Directive 14 , the Ambient Air Quality Directive 15 and Directive 2004/107/EC on the concentrations of certain pollutants in ambient air 16 .

·To be consistent with EU policies on the circular economy and decarbonisation and to enable better environmental benchmarking of E-PRTR data, operators should report on production volume and complementary data, especially the use of resources (energy, water, and raw materials).

·Current shortcomings affecting the Regulation’s implementation should also be addressed by:

·updating the analytical methods operators use to determine their releases and off-site transfers;

·asking operators to confirm explicitly in their report to the competent authorities that a release of a given pollutant or an off-site transfer of waste or waste water is below the applicable reporting thresholds;

·allowing Member States to report certain data on behalf of operators rearing livestock, who may lack the resources to report accurate data.

The need to revise the Regulation was confirmed in the European Green Deal, and it is being revised at the same time as the IED. This will ensure the overall consistency and efficiency of these two laws.

In this context, given the nature and extent of the necessary modifications to the Regulation and the need to enhance consistency and legal clarity, this proposal should repeal and replace it while taking over its substantive obligations whenever still needed.

Nøkkelinformasjon

EU



eu-flagg
Kommisjonens framlegg
Dato
05.04.2022
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Norge



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